EASY AS PIE
What’s an Australian Labradoodle? The answer lies in the gene pool.
By Curtis Rist
Based on information from Angela Rutland-Manners (retired), Breed Founder
Cute as it is, the name “Labradoodle” is actually a misnomer when applied to the dogs of Tegan-Rutland lineage. While the breed began as a Poodle-Labrador hybrid, a new breed has emerged following the infusion of a number of other breeds – six from Tegan alone -- into the genetic recipe. The various generations are denoted by different genetic labels, such as F1 and F1B, and F2s, that are confusing to many upon first glance. Here’s a simple guide to help understand the differences:
Ever since Gregor Mendel’s experiments with sweet peas, the first generation in any hybrid is called “F1.” In the Labradoodle, this represents a cross between the Labrador and Poodle, and contains 50% of each in the gene pool.
Because F1s usually shed, they are sometimes bred back to the Poodle in the hopes of creating a more stable coat. In a pairing such as this, three of the dog’s four grand-parents will be poodles. The dogs tend not to shed, nor is this surprising: They are three-quarters Poodle, which is a non-shedding dog.
F2s, F3s, F4s AND MULTI-GENERATTION
When two F1s are bred together they create an F2; two F2s create an F3, and so-on down the family tree. Some breeders call these “multi-generational,” but they still are not Australian Labradoodles. Genetically, they are identical to an F1, with a make-up that his half Labrador and half Poodle.
THE PUREBRED AUSTRALIAN LABRADOODLE
The genetic makeup of the Australian Labraoodle differs from that of a “multi-gen” because of the number of infusions of other breeds – which included a total of six by Angela of Tegan. There is also a slightly higher proportion of Poodle to Labrador. Note that this chart represents the ideal, and the exact genetic makeup of any specific dog will vary depending on its exact lineage.